16 Interesting Facts about Pridnestrovie

Referendum: The Republic was actually proclaimed by the residents of Pridnestrovie at  referenda held in its cities and villages. The issue of independence was also resolved with the broad participation of the people. Since 1990, 7 republican referenda have been held here. In neighboring Moldova, during the years of independence of the republican referenda, there were two (in 1994 and 2010), one of which was declared invalid. In Gagauzia, which is actually reduced to a simple region of Moldova, one referendum was held (in 2014).
Recognition: Pridnestrovie has all the necessary features of statehood, the most important of which is the existence of a system of state authorities and administrations formed established by the law of Pridnestrovie. The Republic is an unrecognized state, because at the moment it has not received recognition from any UN member state. The states that recognized the independence of Pridnestrovie are South Ossetia and Abkhazia. Pridnestrovie has political, legal and historical grounds for international recognition.
Currency and coins: Pridnestrovian ruble, introduced in 1994, is a mean of payment in the republic. On the front side of its denomination are historical figures who influenced the historical fate of Transnistria: generals of the Russian Empire Alexander Suvorov and Pyotr Rumyantsev, Empress Catherine II, Ukrainian poet, prose writer and ethnographer Taras Shevchenko, politician and encyclopedist Dmitry Kantemir. In 2014, the Central Bank of Pridnestrovie introduced coins from composite materials. They are made using the Plamet technology, which is an innovative development of the Goznak of Russia.
Moldavian language in the Cyrillic script: After the Supreme Council of the Moldavian Soviet Republic adopted in 1989 the law “On the Functioning of Languages ​​in the Republic of Moldova”, the Moldavian language in the Cyrillic graph remained only in the territory of Pridnestrovie. Meanwhile, the Moldavian writing is historically Cyrillic: narrative monuments in the Moldavian Wallachian languages ​​have been known in Cyrillic since the 16th century (donation by Athanasius Kochagi, a letter from the boyar Nyakshu). The Latin alphabet began to be used in the Danube principalities only in the 19th century.
Sickle and hammer: For the first time, the flag of Transnistria was raised at 15:00 on September 2, 1991. It repeats the colors and symbols of the flag of the Moldavian SSR in 1952 (the creation of the MSSR was declared illegal by the Moldovan Parliament in June 1990). In the upper left corner of the red canvas with a green line in the middle is located a golden sickle and a hammer with a five-pointed star. Sickle and hammer are the main elements of the coat of arms of the republic, which repeats with some differences the coat of arms of the MSSR. However, Pridnestrovie is not a communist state – the flag and coat of arms symbolize the historical continuity between the MASSR, created in 1924, and Pridnestrovie, proclaimed by the people in 1990.
Monument to Lenin

50% of foreign guests of Pridnestrovie come to Tiraspol to see Lenin, according to travel agents. Pridnestrovie is one of the few places in the former USSR, where monuments to the world proletariat leader are not dismantled. In the centre of the city, you can often see groups of foreigners actively photographing granite Vladimir Ilyich. There are a lot of assumptions about the secret of his popularity. Meanwhile, the monument to Lenin in Tiraspol is the “younger brother” of another monument – a 19-meter pink granite statue in Leninplatz in Berlin (now United Nations Square).

In 1991, the monument to Lenin in Berlin was dismantled, and the one in Tiraspol became an object of nostalgic tourism.

It was erected in 1987 and, according to experts, is one of the twenty highest monuments to Lenin.

Passport: This is explained by deep kinship between representatives of various ethnic groups, compatriots of the inhabitants of Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova, Russia and others. All citizens of Pridnestrovia are citizens of Pridnestrovie, however, the passport of the republic is not recognized by the UN member states. Citizenship of different states in the conditions of a particular political situation allows residents of Pridnestrovie to travel outside of the republic and visit other countries.

Famous people: Tiraspol is the birthplace of many famous people who have contributed to the treasury of the world culture. These include: the great Russian chemist, the inventor of the gas mask Nikolai Dmitrievich Zelinsky, one of the founders of the vaccination in Russia, academician Lev Aleksandrovich Tarasevich, the founder of the Polish democratic play Caspar Mikhail Tursky, the classic of Bulgarian literature, George Porfiriev Stamatov, an artist of the Kiev Theater named after I. Franko Yuri Vasilievich Shumsky, Pyotr Afanasevich Buzuk, Mikhail Fedorovich Larionov, Nikolai Vasilievich Sklifosovsky.
Main enterprises of the Pridnestrovian industry

The industry of Pridnestrovie is presented by 140 enterprises. Many of them are known not only at the regional level, but also quite far beyond it. Main enterprises of the industry are: JSC “Moldavan Steel Works”, CJSC “Rybnitsa Cement Plant”, SP CJSC “Electromash”, CJSC “TIROTEX”, V. Solovyovoy CJSC  “Odema”, “Aquatir”, CJSC “KVINT”.

The Bender Fortress is one of the oldest buildings in Pridnestrovie, an outstanding monument of fortification architecture. The citadel of the fortress was built by the medieval Genoese, and after Bender became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1538, the castle was significantly rebuilt by the Turks. The citadel, which has been preserved to our days almost in its original form, has eight towers.

A number of monuments to famous historical figures, whose life was connected with the history of the fortress itself or Pridnestrovie are erected around the citadel. Among them monuments to: A. V. Suvorov, M.I. Kutuzov, P.A. Rumyantsev-Zadunaysky, P.Kh. Wittgenstein, M.B. Barclay de Tolly, N.N. Raevsky, M.G. Miller, J.P. Kulnev.

Ancient monuments

More than two thousand historical and cultural monuments have been officially discovered in Pridnestrovie, on a relatively small territory (4163 km²). 95% of them are archaeological monuments. These are numerous settlements of various cultures, sanctuaries, settlements of the Stone Age, as well as mounds – cult steppe pyramids.

Pridnestrovie is one of the three unique historical and cultural regions of Eastern Europe (together with the Caucasus and Crimea). Here monuments of ancient history with diverse chronological and cultural coverage are found almost at every step.

Geological monuments

For palaeontologists from all over the world Tiraspol is known, first of all, not as a city, but as a paleontological symbol. In the north-west of Tiraspol, there is a key geological section up to 30 meters. Journalists called it “the stone book” with the chronicle of the Pleistocene era. This is about a unique geological and palaeontological monument “Kolkotova Balka”.

However, “Kolkotova Balka” is not the only geological sight in Pridnestrovie. In Kamenka, Rybnitsa and Grigoriopol districts there are outcrops of the older Neogene system. The deposits date back 13-9 million years ago.

75 nationalities

A unique fusion of peoples and cultures, consisting of representatives of 38 nationalities. The mixture of traditions of different peoples is reflected in the gastronomy, culture, craft and creed of the inhabitants of Pridnestrovie.

The settlement of the Bulgarians

Between Tiraspol and Bender is located the village of Parcani. Over 10 thousand people live here, according to official data. 80% of them are Bulgarians. Parcani is the largest enclave outside of Bulgaria together with Taraclia and Bolgrad in Ukraine.

The charm of the authentic Bulgarian culture has been preserved in the village. You can not only see and hear it, but also try to “taste” it. Parcani retain elements of past years in architecture, language and holidays, that are brightly celebrated, in customs and rites, and even in the character traits of local residents.

Stamps

Postage stamps are issued in Pridnestrovie. Philatelists from Moldova, Ukraine, Russia and European countries willingly replenish their collections with the stamps that are in use in Pridnestrovie. Postage stamps are highly appreciated both by specialists and by people who are enthusiasts of such collecting. There are two “Filatelia” shops in the Tiraspol. Philatelists from many places of Pridnestrovie, from Chisinau and Odessa gather on the days of special cancellation of new postage stamps. Philatelists admire and exchange them. The theme of the stamps produced in Pridnestrovie greatly matches with the one of the Russian Federation postage stamps. In addition, much attention is paid to the local historical and cultural heritage.

Rare plants

Many plant species that had previously grown in the steppe disappeared because of intensive economic activity. However, relics, endemic species and rare plants that one will no longer find in other steppe places grow in the reserve near the village of Andriasevca Noua. They have been preserved due to a peculiar hilly landscape that is inconvenient for agriculture.

The flora of the reserve is diverse. It brings together elements from different geographical areas, but still it is closely linked to the ancient Mediterranean. About 50 plant species are under protection. Six of them were included in the Red Book of the USSR (e.g., Sarmatian Bellevalia, Odessa Gymnosperm that had previously disappeared but was reintroduced by Pridnestrovian biologists).

In general, a mixture of different geographical areas is characteristic of Pridnestrovie. Crossing Pridnestrovie along the Dniester river valley, for 202 kilometres you can see a sudden change of landscapes: steppes, hills and forests.