Historic route in Tiraspol and Bendery
Historic Route – Legend
On February 23, 1972, on the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy, the Glory Memorial Complex was inaugurated in the centre of Tiraspol. A T-34 tank was installed at the memorial as a monument to soldiers who fell during the Great Patriotic War, which was transported from Hungary in April 1945. A capsule with earth brought from Volgograd City-Hero is symbolically stored under it. The memorial plates bear the carved names of 900 soldiers from the region who perished in the Great Patriotic War. In 2009-2010, the Glory Memorial was reconstructed. The Wall of Memory was erected during the reconstruction. It has the names of all Pridnestrovian defenders who died in 1990-1992. There was also installed a sculpture of the Grieving Mother. The chapel of St. George the Victorious was built in 2011.
Tiraspol United Museum
This is the biggest museum in Pridnestrovie with multidisciplinary exhibitions in various sections of history, which includes four museums based on a common stock collection:
– Museum of Natural History (Str. 25 Oktyabrya, 46, tel. +373-533-9-04-26; Str. Pravda, 4, Tel. + 373-533-8-21-06 (Nature Department);
– Home-Museum of Academician N.D. Zelinsky (Str. 25 Oktyabrya, 44, tel. + 373-533-0-04-49);
– Museum of Tiraspol Fortress History (Str. Fedko, 28 “b”, tel. + 373-533-5-37-72);
– Art Gallery (Naberezhny Lane, 1, tel. +373-533-6-56-96).
It has the largest museum collection in Pridnestrovie (about 90 thousand exhibits of the main fund and more than 30 thousand in the scientific back up) and the richest collection of fine arts. This is the historical, cultural and spiritual annals of Tiraspol and Pridnestrovie. The Municipal United Museum offers guided tours of exhibitions, lectures on regional studies, exhibiting itinerant exhibitions, thematic meetings and interactive events.
Str. 25 Oktyabrya, 46,
Tel: + 373-533-9-04-26
Website: тираспольский-музей. рф
The Monument to Suvorov
The equestrian monument to A.V. Suvorov in Tiraspol is considered one of the best monuments to the commander on the territory of the former USSR. The monument was erected in 1979; sculptors Vladimir and Valentin Artamonov, architects Ya. Druzhinin and Yu. Chistyakov. The 9-meter monument is made of bronze. It is located on a small elevation on Suvorov Square – the main square of the city. The monument was awarded the gold medal named after the sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich.
A.V. Suvorov is considered the founder of Tiraspol. In order to strengthen the new borders of the Russian Empire, in 1792 on his instruction the Middle Fortress was laid on the left bank of the Dniester; near the earthen fortress, Tiraspol was founded, which has had the city status since 1795.
Gagarin Boulevard is located next to Pridnestrovian State University and Cyril and Methodius Culture-and-Education Centre, a traditional students’ place. It is worth mentioning that first, the boulevard was called Sportivny, but it was renamed in honour of Yuri Gagarin practically on the day of his flight into space – April 12, 1961. 16 years later, a bust of the first cosmonaut was inaugurated here, created by Moscow sculptor, Honoured Artist of Russia B.I. Dyuzhev and Tiraspol architects Ya. Druzhinin and V. Vakarev.
Monument to V.I. Lenin
According to the observations of travel agents, 50% of foreign visitors of Pridnestrovie come to Tiraspol for Lenin. Pridnestrovie is one of the few regions of the former USSR where monuments to the leader of the world proletariat are not dismantled. In the city centre, one can often see groups of foreigners excitedly photographing Vladimir Ilyich, made of granite, near the building of the Government and the Supreme Council. We can only guess about the secret of its popularity. Meanwhile, the monument to Lenin in Tiraspol is a ‘younger brother’ of another one – a 19-meter pink granite statue of Lenin in Berlin, on former Leninplatz, now Der Platz der Vereinten Nationen – United Nations Plaza.
The idea of creating the park belonged to the famous Soviet architect A.V. Shchusev, who visited Tiraspol in the post-war years. A park with an area of 15 hectares was laid out in 1947 on the territory of the former fruit and berry garden, which was then located outside the eastern outskirts of the city. The present-day name was given to the new city landmark in honour of the victory in the Great Patriotic War.
Over time, the park was enriched with a fountain, a summer stage, attractions and playgrounds and became one of the favourite vacation spots for residents of the capital. Various cultural events are regularly held here; a café welcomes you and a large Ferris wheel offers an impressive panorama of the city.
In 1960, in the centre of the park they erected a monument to G.I. Kotovsky, a Soviet military and political leader of the Civil War time, an active participant in the revolutionary movement. Kotovsky displayed courage in the battles of World War I, and then fought with the Romanian intervention in Bessarabia. In 1920, a cavalry brigade under his command recaptured Tiraspol. Kotovsky’s unit at that time was considered one of the best in the entire Red Army.
Sculptor L.I. Dubinovsky portrayed Kotovsky in military uniform, leaning on a cavalry sward. Initially, the monument was installed in Moscow, at the Exhibition of Economic Achievements, at the entrance to the MSSR pavilion; later it was moved to Tiraspol.
The Monument to Army Aviators
In the square between Kakhovskaya and Yunost streets, a noteworthy construction is installed – a silver MIG-19 fighter on a pedestal directed upwards. This is the monument to pilots opened on May 8, 1975 – on the eve of the 30th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War. The monument is dedicated to the pilots of the 17th Air Army that liberated the city of Tiraspol from the Nazi invaders in 1944 as part of the 3rd Ukrainian Front. The army commander at that time was Lieutenant General V.A. Sudets, later – Hero of the Soviet Union and Air Marshal.
In 1964, by the decision of the Executive Committee of Tiraspol City Council of Deputies, he was awarded the title of Honorary Citizen of Tiraspol.
Kitskany Base of Operation
The base of operation in Kitskany was a strategic point of the Soviet Army during the Great Patriotic War, which played a decisive role in the success of the Iasi-Chisinau operation. The area was captured by the troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front during the Odessa operation of 1944. Its size was 18 km (front) by 6-10 km (depth). Fierce battles for the base area lasted more than four months. By the beginning of the Iasi-Chisinau operation, the base got well equipped in terms of engineering, which allowed the deployment of five rifle corps, a mechanized corps, 51 artillery regiments, and up to 30 special units itself. On August 20, 1944, from the Chitcani base, the troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front launched the main blow to the enemy, laying the foundation for the defeat of the German-Romanian troops on the territory of Soviet Moldova. The Iasi-Chisinau operation marked the liberation of the entire territory of modern Pridnestrovie.
The deed of the Soviet soldiers was commemorated. On May 9, 1972, the grateful descendants erected on the base’s highest point a 35-meter memorial Obelisk of Glory. It was designed by architect S.M. Shoihet, having a shape of a gigantic concrete bayonet. The monument is very popular nowadays; from its observation deck, visitors can behold impressive landscapes far and wide.
The Museum is one of the oldest in Pridnestrovie – founded in 1914. The Museum’s exposition includes rooms that display historical stages of development of Bendery since its creation, including the period of the Great Patriotic War. A separate exhibition is dedicated to archaeological finds. There is also an exhibition describing the animal and plant world of our region.
Military Glory Memorial Complex
The Memorial Complex of Military Glory is the burial place of 81 soldiers of the Soviet Army who died during the liberation of the city from German-Romanian invaders in 1944. The Hero of the Soviet Union, the mortar crew commander I. Krasikov is among them. On May 5, 2010, the granite busts of I. Krasikov and four more heroes buried in the Dubossary district were opened at the memorial: G. Korneev, I. Shikunov, N. Alferyev and I. Fedosov.
Military-historical memorial complex
The military historical memorial complex in Bendery was opened on October 7, 2008. It was built on the site of an old military cemetery, where the remains of many soldiers of the Russian Imperial army who died in the wars of the 18-20th centuries were laid to rest.
At the beginning of the 19th century, there was a military hospital nearby, next to which a place was allocated for the burial of the dead, which later officially became a military cemetery.
At the very beginning of construction work, with the assistance of the diocese of Tiraspol – Dubasari, a massive cross made of black granite was installed in the centre of the future memorial as a symbol of faith and rest for all who are buried there.
In the summer of 2007, the stone chapel of the Not-Made-by-Hand Image of Jesus Christ was laid, and in autumn – the colonnades of the main entrance to the necropolis.
The entrance to the complex was designed in the form of a colonnade, in front of which there is a monument to G. A. Potemkin – Tavrichesky – a famous Russian statesman.
Behind the colonnade, three lanes diverge: left – to the Historical sector, right – to Foreign sector. The central path leads to the cross and the Church of our Saviour Not-Made-by-Hand, and on its way from the colonnade to the cross it is called the Alley of the Generals.
The two largest burial sectors of the memorial are on both sides of the chapel. Here, in straight rows, there are slabs of polished black granite, on which the names of more than 5,000 soldiers and officers of 110 regiments and divisions of the Russian Imperial army are carved, including 21 units of the Bendery garrison.
The stone chapel of the Not-Made-by-Hand Image of Jesus Christ was built in honour of the eponymous Church of the 55th infantry regiment of Podolsk. Many residents and visitors of the city visit the chapel, so by the decision of the Holy Synod in 2010, it was awarded the status of a Church.