History of Rybnitsa
The Rybnitsa district was first established on October 12, 1924 as a part of Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. The first mention of its center – Rybnitsa – is contained in historical documents of the early 17th century. In 1793, this territory became part of the Russian Empire as a result of the second partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
At the end of the 19th century, with the advent of the railway in the town, Rybnitsa became a crossroad of three types of communication – highway, waterway and railway. During the years of the USSR, new enterprises constantly appeared in the town, therefore today Ribnita remains the largest industrial center of Pridnestrovie. Located in the town, Moldova Steel Works and Rybnitsa Cement Plant are the main enterprises of the domestic industry and are among the largest taxpayers in the country.
Being the most important administrative center, Rybnitsa is considered one of the most important towns of Pridnestrovie, and its long history and picturesque landscapes traditionally attract many tourists.
The population of the town and district is 69,000 people.
Interesting facts about Rybnitsa:
Metal, produced in Rybnitsa, is known all over the world.
Moldova Steel Works is one of the 10 best metallurgical enterprises in the world. Metal, produced in Rybnitsa, is used almost all over the world. In 2000, steel from Rybnitsa was used to repair Ostankino TV tower in Moscow.
Cement, produced in Rybnitsa, is one of the best in the world.
Rybnitsa Cement Plant was awarded the Arch of Europe Gold Star in Spain. Thousands of residential buildings, as well as industrial giants such as Moldova Steel Works, Dubossary HPP, Moldavian HPP (GRES), Zaporizhzhya NPP and others were built of cement, produced in Ribnita. In the ’80s, slate, produced in Ribnita, was even sent to Cuba.
- Temple in Ribnita is the largest in Pridnestrovie and Moldova.
Archangel Michael Cathedral is the largest temple in Pridnestrovie and Moldova. It can accommodate about two thousand parishioners simultaneously. The architectural project is made in the Russian style. The temple is crowned with five domes, in the center of the bell tower is the largest bell “Blagovest”, weighing about 100 kilograms.
- The relics of Pope III are in Rybnitsa.
The Catholic Church in Rybnitsa keeps the relics of St. Clement, Pope III. Similar shrines are kept only in Rome, Crimea, and Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. In the 30s, the old church was destroyed, and the people who hid the priest were shot by NKVD. The relics miraculously survived and were accidentally found at the old residents of the town only on Christmas 2003.
- Rybnitsa is the homeland of famous artists.
World famous illustrator Vladimir Zmeyev was born in Rybnitsa. “The Three Musketeers”, “The Count of Monte Cristo”, “Gulliver’s Travels”. More than one generation of children grew up on books with his drawings. Ilya Bogdesco, also born in Rybnitsa, contributed to the world literary heritage as well. He is the author of illustrations for Nikolay Gogol’s “Sorochinskaya Yarmarka” (“Sorochinskaya Fair”), “Tsygane” (“The Gypsies”) by Alexander Pushkin and many other books. The works of the artist deserve awards of the Russian Academy of Arts and Spanish Royal Academy of Arts.
- Here the best calligrapher of the world was born here.
In addition to book graphics, Ilya Bogdesco is recognized as one of the 10 best calligraphers in the world. He created his own typography font which is called “the Alphabet of Bogdesco”. Abrasive characters of the present-day fonts
- The land of Rybnitsa is the birthplace of famous composers.
Eugene Doga was born on the land of Ribnita. The author is among the 20 most performed composers. And his waltz «Moy laskovy i nezhny zver» (My Gentle and Tender Beast) was recognized by UNESCO as one of the masterpieces of the 20th century. Also, Rybnitsa district gave the world one of the greatest pianists of the 19th century. This is Anton Rubinstein, the founder of the first Russian conservatory. The composer had two favourite grand pianos – white and black. The white grand piano is in the museum of St. Petersburg, and the black one is in the museum of the v. Ofatinti, Rybnitsa district.
- Rybnitsa is the homeland of modern famous musicians.
The founder of the famous Moldavian rock band “Zdob si Zdub” Alexandru Polenov is from Rybnitsa. The winners of the Novaya Volna (New Wave) contest and Eurovision Song Contest finalists “DoReDos” are also from Rybnitsa.