Military-historical memorial complex of Bendery

Bendery What to see in Bendery

Description

Military-historical memorial complex of Bendery

The military-historical memorial complex in the city of Bendery was opened on October 7, 2008.

It was erected on the site of an old military cemetery, where the remains of many soldiers of the Russian Imperial Army who died in the wars of the 18-20th centuries were laid to rest.

At the beginning of the 19th century, there was a military hospital nearby, next to which there was a place for the burial of the dead, which later officially became a military cemetery. As early as in the beginning of the 20th century, it was fenced, and high stone gates stood at its entrance. In the post-war period, the cemetery was “squeezed” by urban development and fell into disrepair. In accordance with the Decree of the Pridnestrovian leader I.N. Smirnov of November 8, 2006, the internal affairs authorities of Pridnestrovie began restoration of the site and construction of the military historical memorial in its place.

At the very beginning of the construction works, with the assistance of the Diocese of Tiraspol and Dubossary, a massive cross, made of black granite, was erected in the centre of the future memorial as a symbol of faith and tranquillity for all who are buried there.

In summer 2007, the laying of the stone chapel of the Image of Jesus Christ Not Made by Hands took place, and in autumn – the colonnades of the main entrance to the necropolis were laid.

Three paths diverge behind the colonnade across the complex: left – to the historical sector, right – to the foreign sector, and the central path leads to the cross and the Church of the Saviour Not Made by Hands. Throughout its length from the colonnade to the cross, it is called the Generals Alley.

Large granite slabs are installed on the sides of the Alley – these are 11 monuments to the Russian military leaders buried at the memorial. These are the Commandants of the Bendery Fortress T.I. Zbievsky, F.I. Kannabich, M.M. Olshevsky, A.I. Vedemeyer, military engineer E.H. Ferster, builder of military barracks in Tiraspol P.P. Dubelt, Major-Generals F.P. Luzanov, N.P. Mikhailov, B.S. Soetsky and F.P. Dolgovosaburov, Assistant Commandant of the Bendery Fortress I.I. Batyrev.

On both sides of the chapel, there are two largest sectors of burial memorial. Here, in even rows, slabs of polished black granite are installed, on which the names of more than 5,000 soldiers and officers of 110 regiments and units of the Russian Imperial Army are carved, including 21 units of the Bendery garrison.

The stone chapel of the Image of Jesus Christ Not Made by Hands was built in honour of the surviving church of the same name of the 55th Podolsky Infantry Regiment. Many residents and visitors of the city visit the chapel; therefore, by the decision of the Holy Synod in 2010, it was assigned the status of a church. On granite slabs placed on the walls of the church, the milestones of the Podolsky regiment are indicated. In addition, the names of those who died during the assault on the fortress in 1770 are listed here, as well as the regiments of the Russian Imperial Army that took part in it.