The city of Tiraspol was founded by the Russian Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov in 1792 during the reign of the All-Russian Empress Catherine II (Great). After the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 the Iasi peace was concluded, according to which Turkey ceded to Russia the land between the Southern Bug and the Dniester – the so-called Ochakov region. As a part of the of the Dniester line, the Sredinnaya fortress was laid, as opposed to the Bender Fortress in the Ottoman Empire.
The chief architect of the Fortress and the city plan is Franz de Volan. The fortress was built in just 2 years and did not have stone walls.
Tiraspol celebrates its birthday on October 14 – the day of the Protection of the Holy Virgin.
During the Russian-Turkish war of 1812, the border moved from the river. The Dniester River and the Tiraspol Fortress lost their military significance. Only a small fragment has survived to this day – the powder magazine of the bastion of St. Vladimir. An architectural monument of the 18th century.
From the beginning of the 19th century until the 1920s, Tiraspol was part of the Kherson province, Nikolaev region, and then part of the Odessa region. From 1929-1940 the capital of the Moldavian republic as part of the Ukrainian SSR. Since 1990, Tiraspol has been the capital of Pridnestrovie.
The population is about 130 thousand people.
In the center of Tiraspol you can see three monuments to Lenin, the Memorial of Glory, the T-34-85 tank, the chapel of St. George the Victorious, the monument to Suvorov and De Volan square. Here is the only drama and comedy theater in Transnistria named after N.S. Aronetskoy, built in 1930. And if you are interested in the history of the “Bessarabian Robin Hood” -G.G. Kotovsky, then Tiraspol is a must-see city!